Affect of the presidency
The changes that were made on the Voting right act of 1965 saw blacks being allowed to vote, and even made them eligible to hold an electorate office. However, racial and ethnical minorities are still under represented in the local levels, state levels as well as the national levels. Though it is notable that the racial minority communities account for about 25%, they have only about 3% representation in electoral office. Even worse, the numbers of blacks who have been elected in the state wide office have been notably less than a tenth of the total elected members in the mayor ship. The same is depicted in the high profile senator hood as very few of them are elected to be senators. However, it is notable that the number of black candidates experiences a very big discrepancy between the votes that a black candidate gets and the reports by the exit polls. In addition, when a black candidate looks whiter it is notable that he or she has a more likelihood of being voted in since most of people are not sure if the person is black or not.
Though some people believe that United States is having a post racial element in her politics, it is still evident that some people judgment of the leaders they want to vote is based on the skin colour of the candidate. Research has shown that there still exists a negative stereotyped of African Americans. A study carried out in 1990 showed that in United States, the whites deem themselves as harder working than African Americans (Houtman, 2003). The same research was repeated in 2008 and the same results were reached at. The research was also instrumental to note that any African American candidate who took the chance of availing himself/herself as a candidate in a general election often did not attract considerable votes from the white community, who are mostly the majority in most parts of the country.
Race is still considered when voting for precedential candidates in United States. The voting of Barrack Obama as the president of United States does not necessary mean that the skin of a presidential candidate is not considered when voting for a presidential candidate. To some, Barrack Obama is not black enough to represent the views of black people. The reasoning behind this is due to the fact that the character of Mr. Obama is considered different from other black people (Evans, 2011). The black Americans are known to use a slang while talking and at times, they are usually tend to not put much emphases to their education. President Obama on the other hand is shown to be a lover of education and also a speaker of grammatically correct English, which most blacks do not desire to speak of. Obama has also at times been criticized by some black personality of not being in consideration of black people’s issue. Jesse Jackson once criticized Mr. Obama in CNN of not being in concern of black people’s views due to Mr. Obama campaigning for a self help policy that black people who are enduring poverty are undergoing through it due to their lack of taking responsibilities. The fact that Obama had a white mother also made his voting a plus, as even white voters did not consider him as totally black. During the primaries elections of the democratic candidates, Mrs. Clinton made some utterances into reference to Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King that appeared to many to be racial in nature. Due to the references that she made, she was made to have a racial outlook no matter the times she tried to reframe the previous quotes. When the comments were supplied by Mr. Obama’s camp members, she had little she could do and this went along way for her as she even lost in the nomination. The incident is a show of how racial comments can influence the outcome of ones political desires.
Even to black people, the support of a black president was not embraced. It goes on record that black people were initially reluctant in supporting president Obama and they favored Hillary Clinton as the favorite candidate in a democratic ticket. However, the change to the altitudes of the black people came about due to the demeaning remarks made by the former president Bill Clinton. After the change of heart by the black community, their support grew immensely and in a certain research carried out at a research where the policies of Mr. Obama were interchanged with Mr. McCain’s, research showed that they were willing to support president Obama irrespective of the policies he was campaigning for. Some were notably saying that he was the best candidate there has ever been in a presidential race. In turn, those people who opposed the policies of president Obama were seen to be against the black community. Jesse Jackson was among the people who felt the wrath of this as he was even forced to apologize for his comments about president Obama.
Social observers have always highlighted that those people who are African Americans and have achieved a great success whether in business or politics like the likes of Oprah Winfrey do not usually convey a black kind of grievance. President Obama was keen to use this as at no one point did he talk on the issue of race (Mabry, 2008). The only comments he made was to the response of his pastor Jeremiah Wright who had brought out the issue and at that time he was responding to the claims made about him. The rest of time, he chose to not comment, may be because he thought that might discredit him. Even after winning the election, it is only the media who took that chance to talk of racial accomplishments. Obama might have left out the issue since he knew that race was one of the most controversial issues in American politics and he did not want to take side as some people saw him as a mid way path.
According to a research carried out in New Jersey, 6% of the people interviewed said they were not likely to vote for president Obama due to his race, while another 9% said they would vote for him due to his race. The resultant of this was that president Obama got a positive vote on the election as per the research and was prove that race played a part in the election (Newport, 2008). When it came to the race of Mr. McCain, 6% said that Mr. McCain’s race would less likely affected the way they voted while another 7% said that his race makes them vote for him. From the data from the research carried out, it is evident that the question of race affected the way Americans voted. However, it is notable that the effect of the race was not as big as about 85% said that the race of the candidate did not affect the way they voted.
In some states in the southern states in United States, certain voters only vote since there are scenarios of voter suppression or even intimidation. Such happens when the minority groups were being put through various methods that discouraged them from involvement in the voting exercise. One of such method was when the candidates were failed to be listed in the ballot papers and would in turn not be eligible for voting. Other ways that the intimidating occurred was subjection of tests, which included literature tests and having poll tax exerted on them. In case the above mentioned ways did not work, the individuals were also subjected to threats that made them fear being involved in election of their leaders. It is however clear that this method was used to make sure that certain members get into office by preventing a certain number of people from enjoying their voting rights through usage of unconstitutional ways (Houtman, 2003). The state of Texas has always had and individualistic, traditional, and moral oriented political subculture. In turn, this subculture defines how the government should be, who should govern it, and the favorable policies that the leaders should have. The moral oriented approach means that the government should take the responsibility of ensuring that the public welfare is well taken care of while the traditional sub culture emphasizes that there is a need of power being rested on a few of the elite people. Since the three mentioned subcultures are rooted in the peoples minds, it is sometimes usually hard for some political candidates to get enough votes in the region incase they are not agitators of the mention policies. It is also notable that the culture is being somehow weakened due to the high influx of foreigners in the region who are not always in support of the subcultures upheld in Texas. The state of Southern Carolina has always embraced progressive ideas when it comes to selection of their political leaders. The state has always been a supporter of the democrats for a period of about one century before the republicans introduced a conservative political ideology kind of approach to win the hearts of the people of Northern Carolina. In turn, there was a shift on the way the people on North Carolina voted, before the republican approach came about race used to be an important campaign tool for politicians in the state. The distinctiveness that was brought about by the republican part however changed the political orientation of the region to more embrace on the ideologies that a certain political candidate had in mind about the people of Northern Carolina. When it comes to the state on New York, individualistic political culture is dominant in the region. In turn, a leader is voted according to practicality of the ideologies they have in places as well respect of private activities (Elazar, 1972). Governance in the region is restricted to where there is private initiative. This is due to the fact that private interests are more important than the public concerns. Leaders who play out dirty politics have an edge against leaders who fail to practice it, as it is generally accepted in the region.
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